Here's a guide I would like to share around Windows Storage spaces and creating a 4x drive Parity pool
In a nutshell I have Windows Serer 2019 and storage space parity pool running very nicely on my Gen8. Here's the configuration I used and How to copy my setup.
(I still believe ZFS or UnRAID are far better choice as a filesystem on these limited servers, but if you need Windows like I do, then storage spaces can be an excellent alternative.)
This is my "best effort" guide and by no means perfect. It does however yield excellent results for both read and write speeds.
CPU Stock for now (1270 V3 on it's way)
Disks 4x 3TB WD NAS drives in front bays
SSD - Samsung Evo 850 265
First lesson, DONT use the Windows GUI to create the pool or Virtual disk as the GUI applies terrible defaults that you can't edit and will ruin performance. Also make sure you're on the latest version of Windows server as a LOT has changed and been improved recently.
You must use PowerShell.
PhysicalDiskRedundancy - Parity Columns - 4 (The data segments stripped to disks. Should match your 4 disks) Interleve - 256K (The amound of data written to each "column" or disk. In this case 256KB interleave gives us a 64K write to each disk) LogicalSectorSize - 4096 PhysicalSectorSize - 4096 REFS/NTFS Cluster - 64K
4 drive file system, one bootable SSD in RAID mode.
BIOS setup initial
F9 into the BIOS and set the B120i controller into RAID mode
F5 into the RAID manager and create 1 individual RAID0 logical drive for the SSD
Set the SSD as the preferred boot drive (Yes in the same screen)
Set the cluster size to 63
Install Windows 2019 Server Standard GUI edition from ISO
Offer up the B120i RAID drivers via a USB stick so the wizard can see the SSD RAID0 drive. Filename p033111.exe (Have them extracted)
Windows update and patch and reboot
BIOS setup post windows
Once windows is up and running go back into the F5 RAID manager and finish the setup of the 4 front drives into 4x RAID0
Check the SSD is still set as the preferred boot drive (Yes in the same screen)
Set the cluster size to 63
Windows config of storage spaces
At this point you should see 4 individual drives ready to be used as a Storage pool
Try to set each disk to have a cache (Not all drives support this)
Win + X to open the side menu
Expand Disk Drives
Right Click the "HP Logical Volume" for each drive
Check - "Enable write caching on the device"
(If it doesn't work don't stress, it's optional but nice to have)
Powershell - Run as Admin
Determine the physical drisks available for the pool we're about to create
Get-PhysicalDisk | ft friendlyname, uniqueid, mediatype, size -auto
Your output will look something like this, so identify the 4 drives that are the same and take note of their uniqueID
Mine are the bottom four drives all 3TB in size
friendlyname uniqueid size
------------ -------- ----
HP LOGICAL VOLUME 600508B1001C5C7A1716CCDD5A706248 250023444480
HP LOGICAL VOLUME 600508B1001CAC8AFB32EE6C88C5530D 3000559427584
HP LOGICAL VOLUME 600508B1001C51F9E0FF399C742F83A6 3000559427584
HP LOGICAL VOLUME 600508B1001C2FA8F3E8856A2BF094A0 3000559427584
HP LOGICAL VOLUME 600508B1001CDBCE168F371E1E5AAA23 3000559427584
Rename the friendly name based on the UniqueID from above and set to "HDD type"
Set-Physicaldisk -uniqueid "Your UniqueID" -newFriendlyname Disk1 -mediatype HDD
You will need to run that 4 times with each UniqueID code and create a new friendly name for each drive. I called mine "Drive 1, Drive 2" etc
Set-Physicaldisk -uniqueid "600508B1001C2FA8F3E8856A2BF094A0" -newFriendlyname Disk1 -mediatype HDD Set-Physicaldisk -uniqueid "600508B1001CDBCE168F371E1E5AAA23" -newFriendlyname Disk2 -mediatype HDD Set-Physicaldisk -uniqueid "600508B1001CAC8AFB32EE6C88C5530D" -newFriendlyname Disk3 -mediatype HDD Set-Physicaldisk -uniqueid "600508B1001C51F9E0FF399C742F83A6" -newFriendlyname Disk4 -mediatype HDD
Verify the disks have been set correctly
The following example shows which physical disks are available in the primordial server and CAN be used in the new Pool. You're just checking here if the friendly name renaming worked and they are all set to HDD type. Primordial just means on your local server and available.
Get-StoragePool -IsPrimordial $true | Get-PhysicalDisk | Where-Object CanPool -eq $True You should see your four drives with nice names that you set like "Disk1"
Now find out your sub system name, as we need this for the next command. Just take note of it. Example "Windows Storage on <servername>"
Mine is ""Windows Storage on Radaxian"
The following example creates a new storage pool named "Pool1" that uses all available disks and sets the cluster size.
New-StoragePool -FriendlyName Pool1 -StorageSubsystemFriendlyName "Windows Storage on Radaxian" -PhysicalDisks (Get-PhysicalDisk -CanPool $True) -LogicalSectorSizeDefault 64KB
Now create the Virtual Disk on the new pool with 4x disks and Partity set correctly. (This is critical to do via PowerShell)
New-VirtualDisk -StoragePoolFriendlyName "Pool1" -FriendlyName "VDisk1" -ResiliencySettingName Parity -NumberOfDataCopies 1 -NumberOfColumns 4 -ProvisioningType Fixed -Interleave 256KB -UseMaximumSize Those two commands should complete without error, if they don't go back and check your syntax
Go back into the Windows GUI and open this
Server Manager\File and Storage Services\Servers
You should see the Storage pool listed and the Virtual disk we created in the previous steps.
Storage pool - Pool1
Virtual Disk - VDisk1
Select Disks in the GUI
Identify your new VDisk1 and right click it.
Set to Online, this will also set it to use a GPT boot record
On the same screen in the below pane Volumes
Click TASKS and select "New Volume"
Select REFS and Sector size of 64K
Enter a volume name like "Volume1" or whatever you want to call it
Select a drive letter such as Z
(You can use NTFS here for slightly better performance, but I'm sticking to REFS as it has some benefits)
You'll now have a Storage pool, Virtual disk on top and a volume created with optimal settings
Go back into Power Shell
Enable power protected status if applicable (Just try it, no harm)
(Ideally here you should have your server connected to a basic UPS to protect it from power outages)
Set-StoragePool -FriendlyName Pool1 -IsPowerProtected $True
Check if the new sector sizes of Virtual disk and all relevant settings are correct
Get-VirtualDisk | ft FriendlyName, ResiliencySettingName, NumberOfColumns, Interleave, PhysicalDiskRedundancy, LogicalSectorSize, PhysicalSectorSize Example output
FriendlyName ResiliencySettingName NumberOfColumns Interleave PhysicalDiskRedundancy LogicalSectorSize PhysicalSectorSize
VDisk1 Parity 4 262144 1 4096 4096
You're done.... enjoy the new Volume.
At this point you can share out your new Volume "Z" and allow client computers to connect.
Some other commands in Power Shell that I found useful
Get more verbose disk details around sectors.
Get-VirtualDisk -friendlyname Vdisk1 | fl
Get-PhysicalDisk | select FriendlyName, Manufacturer, Model, PhysicalSectorSize, LogicalSectorSize | ft
Check if TRIM is enabled. This output should be 0
fsutil behavior query DisableDeleteNotify If TRIM is not enabled, you can set it on with these commands
fsutil behavior set disabledeletenotify ReFS 0 fsutil behavior set disabledeletenotify NTFS 0
Check the Power Protected status and cache
Get-StorageAdvancedProperty -PhysicalDisk (Get-PhysicalDisk)
Once your data has been migrated back to your new pool from backup, make sure you run this command to "spread out the data" properly.
This command rebalances the Spaces allocation for all of the Spaces in the pool named SQLPool.
Optimize-StoragePool -FriendlyName "Pool1"
I'm yet to get my Xeon in the mail, but once that's installed I think the disk performance will go up even higher as the stock CPU is junk.
New member here, some great info on this forum so hopefully a few of you have experience with the Intel E3-1260L CPU running in a HP Microserver Gen8?
I know for sure it will work as I’ve seen some good threads on here but can anyone tell me if the upgrade made a noticeable difference in the fan speeds and noise?
Im looking at putting two Gen8’s in a living room in place of an old N54L so cautious of too much noise..
Over the many years of using the Gen8 there always seems to be some problem!! ;-)
I have Windows 10 Pro install to a HDD in the ODD. The 4 3TB drives in the other bays, configured via Storage Spaces. BIOS set to AHCI and I have made use of the usb boot key to map the boot to the ODD bay. All has been resonably well for well over a year however I was never able to get Windows to update. Now I'm getting warnings that the software will be unsupported and have tried several times to do an upgrade but frequently get errors such as the installer cannot detect how much space is availble. I think that's because of the USB key.
I don't want to go back to square one and reinstall if I cannot help it but has anyone else experienced this? I seem to recall having problems with using the B120i but cannot for the life of me remember why I stopped using it... but I know that changing to Legacy SATA should remove the need for the USB boot mapping.
Hello! Recently I've been thinking to upgrade the CPU in my HP ProLiant ML10 v2. It currently has a Intel® Pentium® G3240 (I got the model of this server that comes with the Intel® Pentium® G3240) and according to the manual I should be able to upgrade the CPU to a Intel® Xeon® E3-1220v3. Is this true? Do I need to change / get anything else? Thanks.
Noticed today that my gen8 was performing pretty badly, when I decided to look into it I discovered that the CPU was stuck at 0.26 GHZ and all the processes that are running say that they are utilising 0% despite this clearly not being true. I've had an I3 2120 installed for around the last 6 months now and had no issues whatsoever until now. Although I suspect that the problem may not be with the CPU. The only thing I have discovered up to now is that the CPU temperature remains static on the ILO at 40 degrees despite putting it under some stress tests. Does this seem normal? The ILO doesn't state that there is anything wrong with the sensor but that feels like the only feasible cause of this up to now. Please let me know if any of you guys have had this before, any help at all to get this resolved would be much appreciated. Thanks!
I've attached a picture of the issue. Thanks again.