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Very first attempt at home network server


ajac63
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Communications between the server and the clients will be capped by the slowest adapter.

Just to add to jmwills, Wired network speeds work different then wireless network speeds. In a wired network each client can communicate at the fastest speed of the slowest connection so for example your server has gigabit and one of your clients has 100MB connection that client will communicate at 100MB now you have another client that has a 1GB connection that client will communicate at 1GB so its only capped per session where wireless is much different, On a wireless network the slowest client dictates the speed of all clients and is y it is advisable if you have any legacy clients below N you should put then in there own radio or else the whole wireless network will suffer.

Edited by itGeeks
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Jmwillis is correct.  The best anaology is of water pipes coming into your house.  You have a big pipe carrying all of your water in, which branches off to other pipes to deliver water to various places in your house.  The amount of water you can get at any one faucet is determined by the smallest diameter pipe along the way --and the same is true of data flow via Ethernet.

 

That said, if your server is Gigabit into the router, it is still a bit more capable of delivering bandwidth to multiple 100-megabit or wireless connections than if it was only connected via 100-megabit wire itself, because there is a faster link (or larger volume of pipe) to split between the small pipes, kind of like if you wanted to turn multiple faucets on in your house and take a shower at the same time.

 

If you have high quality video sources you wish to stream, wired Ethernet is always the best solution, due to consistency.  100-megabit Ethernet will handle this up to a point, and if you're on a budget, you might as well start by building your server up first and seeing if this will work for your needs.  It's relatively simple to throw in an entry-level gigabit switch if your needs are not met.

 

If you are planning on wireless as much as possible, there's where things get critical.  What model of Netgear router are you using?  What models of wireless network adapters are you using to connect to it?  Also note that wireless networking does not do as good of a job handling multiple simultaneous connections as wired does, even though to the average user, that may not be noticeable.  It's important that you start out with a router that can handle good wireless speeds, but equally important that you have quality wireless network adapters on your computers connecting to it, because both determine the range, speed, and stability of your wireless connections.

Just to add to this, If your planing on multible wireless clients streaming media it would be best to find a router that supports MU-MIMO for best performance. Some examples of routers would be-

Luma not released yet but some of us have pre-ordered it https://getluma.com/?ct-referral-code=6d41itBh

 

What is MU-MIMO http://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/what-is-mu-mimo/

 

Edit: The link for Luma has my referral code, I would get 20.00 off my purchase if you decide to purchase it :) Now is a great time to pre-order the device because its 50% off for a limited time.

Edited by itGeeks
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So if the server had a Gigabit-Ethernet adapter and clients had standard 100 megabit adapters, wouldn't speed be capped at 100 megabit?  

Yes.  The data received by the clients would be capped at 100 MBs

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Yes.  The data received by the clients would be capped at 100 MBs

I just have to ask, What do you have that only has 100MB adapters? GB has been out since 1999

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Just to add to this, If your planing on multible wireless clients streaming media it would be best to find a router that supports MU-MIMO for best performance. Some examples of routers would be-

Luma not released yet but some of us have pre-ordered it https://getluma.com/?ct-referral-code=6d41itBh

 

What is MU-MIMO http://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/what-is-mu-mimo/

 

Edit: The link for Luma has my referral code, I would get 20.00 off my purchase if you decide to purchase it :) Now is a great time to pre-order the device because its 50% off for a limited time.

Thanks for the link on mu-mimo routers, but I'd like to see how my Netgear one handles traffic first - if testing show there's too much of a bottleneck, then I'll def' consider it.

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Just to add to this, If your planing on multible wireless clients streaming media it would be best to find a router that supports MU-MIMO for best performance. Some examples of routers would be-

Luma not released yet but some of us have pre-ordered it https://getluma.com/?ct-referral-code=6d41itBh

 

What is MU-MIMO http://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/what-is-mu-mimo/

 

Edit: The link for Luma has my referral code, I would get 20.00 off my purchase if you decide to purchase it :) Now is a great time to pre-order the device because its 50% off for a limited time.

 

There are several problems with MU-MIMO as it stands unfortunately.

 

- The biggest current issue is that you don't just need an MU-MIMO router.  You also need wireless network adapters that support MU-MIMO.  The vast majority of 802.11ac wireless adapters do not at this time, making the feature next-to-useless until such products arrive.

- MU-MIMO is still in its infancy.  It's very likely that rev.2 products will be both better, and better supported.  I say that as an owner of the ASUS RT-AC87, the first 802.11ac MU-MIMO router.  Or I should say, the first advertised with it.  Quantenna, the company that makes the wireless 5GHz radio took over a year to get an SDK that supported MU-MIMO, and it's still only available on some builds of firmware (which aren't necessarily production).  Only recently have Broadcom and Qualcomm-Atheros come out with chipsets that support MU-MIMO as well, but  the only cards I've seen that support it so far are ASUS desktop PCIe wireless cards, unless the new Intel AC7280 does.

 

Currently, the best home/enthusiast AC routers are one generation old rather than bleeding edge, because their firmware has had time to mature.  The ASUS RT-AC68, Netgear R7000, and TP-Link Archer C7 (a budget best-buy) are examples of that.  Even though routers list MU-MIMO on the box, I'd say it's going to be another year before we really see if it becomes the big deal we'd all like to see.

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There are several problems with MU-MIMO as it stands unfortunately.

 

- The biggest current issue is that you don't just need an MU-MIMO router.  You also need wireless network adapters that support MU-MIMO.  The vast majority of 802.11ac wireless adapters do not at this time, making the feature next-to-useless until such products arrive.

- MU-MIMO is still in its infancy.  It's very likely that rev.2 products will be both better, and better supported.  I say that as an owner of the ASUS RT-AC87, the first 802.11ac MU-MIMO router.  Or I should say, the first advertised with it.  Quantenna, the company that makes the wireless 5GHz radio took over a year to get an SDK that supported MU-MIMO, and it's still only available on some builds of firmware (which aren't necessarily production).  Only recently have Broadcom and Qualcomm-Atheros come out with chipsets that support MU-MIMO as well, but  the only cards I've seen that support it so far are ASUS desktop PCIe wireless cards, unless the new Intel AC7280 does.

 

Currently, the best home/enthusiast AC routers are one generation old rather than bleeding edge, because their firmware has had time to mature.  The ASUS RT-AC68, Netgear R7000, and TP-Link Archer C7 (a budget best-buy) are examples of that.  Even though routers list MU-MIMO on the box, I'd say it's going to be another year before we really see if it becomes the big deal we'd all like to see.

Thanks for the heads-up warning on mu-mimo routers, I'll wait until they are more supported before deciding on this option.  In truth I had never heard of them till signing-up to HSS, so I've learnt something new already here :)  

-

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Just did this image a few hours ago as a visual reference, it might not be totally correct - if not, tell me where I've gone wrong ;)

 

connectvtyDiagSimpl_zpsqlcc8bez.png

 

Assuming Fig.A is correct, I'd rather go with Fig.B because that way I'd save some money.  I realise this option is more unstable...

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I would say B is the most accurate, but:

1. Will you be able to locate the WiFi router in the best location for covering your entire house?

2. How many client systems are there, by type- desktops, laptops and tablets?

3. What other devices do you have game consoles, BluRay players, etc?

4. You mention you have a NetGear Router, which model?

5. As you have a router you must have a separate modem?

Sorry for all of the questions, just trying to help.

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I would say B is the most accurate, but:

1. Will you be able to locate the WiFi router in the best location for covering your entire house?

2. How many client systems are there, by type- desktops, laptops and tablets?

3. What other devices do you have game consoles, BluRay players, etc?

4. You mention you have a NetGear Router, which model?

5. As you have a router you must have a separate modem?

Sorry for all of the questions, just trying to help.

Yea, for Fig.A the switch should be shown going to the router and not the server - seems I got that wrong ;)  If I go the Fig.B route (pun not intended...), then would I still need a dedicated switch considering that the N300 already does it's own WiFi switching?  Wouldn't be much use otherwise...  It's a combined router/modem so I shouldn't need a separate modem.  There will be two desktops and one notebook with WiFi network adapters or dongles.

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