Jump to content
RESET Forums (homeservershow.com)
  • Sign in to follow this  

    BYOB Episode 9


    This week we will discus “Motherboards and RAM”.  We also weigh in on wiring and SATA connectors. It’s a slow hardware news week so we’re going to Dive right into our feature. Listen to the show for more information.  We hope you enjoy this episode and remember to post your comments and questions on the forums.




    The motherboard is what ties the whole PC together. The motherboard is where the CPU, RAM, cables, expansion cards, BIOS, video cards and chipset all reside. While we consider the CPU the “core” or “brain” of a system, the motherboard is the foundation to which all is attached. The case is like the walls and roof by the way.

    Motherboard Criteria


    1. Decide on if you need either AMD or Intel
    2. Match your socket type
    3. Find the motherboard that fits your case and slot needs.

    Socket Types

    Intel has three current mainstream socket types and AMD has three. Each socket has specific sizes and pin configurations.

    Intel 775 or T

    This was the follow on to the old 478 (which was flip-chip). The 775 has pins that touch the CPU socket hence no socket holes. You may also see LGA with this socket name. It stands for Land Grid Array and just means the pins are on the socket and NOT the chip. AMD sockets are PGA or Pin Grid Array. 775 is the biggest choice of processors like Pentium 4, Celeron, Core 2 (and extreme) and Quad Xeon.

    Intel 1156 or H (uses DDR3)

    This socket is the follow on to the 775. The big difference is that 775s were connected to a Northbridge where the 1156 has the Northbridge integrated into the processor. 1156 supports Lynnfield Core i5 7, i7 8 series and Xeon L and X34 series. 1156 also supports Clarkdale Celeron G1, Pentium G6, Core i3 5 and i5 6. The Desktop chipsets that support LGA 1156 are Intel's H55, H57, P55, and Q57. Server chipsets supporting the socket are Intel's 3400, 3420 and 3450.

    Intel 1366 or B

    This is the high-end follow-on for the 775 and the 771 server socket. Of course, this has 1366 pins and uses DDR3 too. This socket has a limited Northbridge that acts like a PCI-E controller. The main difference with the 1366 and the 1156 is that the 1366 does not have the PCI-E controller on the chip.


    AMD AM2 was the replacement for the 939


    AMD AM2+ processors do not work on AM3 motherboards due to the processor's lack of a DDR3 memory controller

    AMD AM3 Socket

    This socket started in 2009 so that AMD motherboard could support DDR3. AM3 processors work on AM2+ motherboards due to the presence of both the DDR2 and DDR3 memory controller.

    Motherboard Sizes / Form Factors



    Typical are the ATX, mATX & ITX

    Hardware Picks of the Week

    Buffalo 802.11n mini USB WiFi dongle




    Microsoft Rear Type prototype 






    You can post your comments or contact us at:


    Follow BYOB on Twitter!


    Discuss this Podcast in our Forums


    E-Mail - byob@homeservershow.com


    [iTunes] Subscribe to the Podcast in iTunes(MP3).

    [Zune] Subscribe to the Podcast in the Zune Marketplace.

    [RSS] Add the Podcast feed to your RSS aggregator.

    [blog RSS] Add the Blog feed to your RSS aggregator.

    Sign in to follow this  

    User Feedback

    Recommended Comments

    I like this new post lay-out - makes it a whole lot more readable...

    Share this comment

    Link to comment
    Share on other sites

    Create an account or sign in to comment

    You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

    Create an account

    Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

    Register a new account

    Sign in

    Already have an account? Sign in here.

    Sign In Now

  • Our picks

    • OneDrive Personal Vault and expandable storage
      Microsoft's OneDrive has a few new features and options worth pointing out.  Personal Vault and Expandable Storage.
      Personal Vault is a protected area in OneDrive that can only be accessed with a strong authentication method or a second step of identity verification, such as your fingerprint, face, PIN, or a code sent to you via email or SMS. 
      Personal Vault gives you an added layer of protection for your most important files, photos, and videos—for example, copies of documents such as your passport, driver’s license, or insurance information—should someone gain access to your account or device.
      Plus, this added security won’t slow you down. You can quickly access your important documents, photos, and files with confidence wherever you are, on your PC, OneDrive.com, or your mobile device.

      Beyond a second layer of identity verification, Personal Vault also includes the following security measures:
      Scan and shoot—Using the OneDrive app, you can scan documents or shoot photos directly into your Personal Vault, keeping them off less secure areas of your device, like your camera roll.
      Automatic locking—No need to worry about whether you left your Personal Vault or your files open—both will close and lock automatically after a period of inactivity.
      BitLocker encryption—On Windows 10 PCs, OneDrive automatically syncs your Personal Vault files to a BitLocker-encrypted area of your local hard drive.
      Restricted sharing—To prevent accidental sharing, files in Personal Vault and shared items moved into Personal Vault cannot be shared.
      Taken together, these security measures help ensure that Personal Vault files are not stored unprotected on your PC, and your files have additional protection, even if your Windows 10 PC or mobile device is lost, stolen, or someone gains access to it or to your account.
      Expandable Storage
      If you are and Office 365 Subscriber you get 1 TB of OneDrive storage space with all the other Office goodies like Word, Excel, etc.  I know personally that I have gone over the 1TB limit and have always wanted to be able to add additional storage to my account.  Now you can!

      Pick and option and keep on hoarding, errr, I mean saving! Cancel anytime, upgrade at any moment.
      • 1 reply
    • Ubiquiti adds new items to the Unifi Line including UAP Flex HD and the Unifi Dream machine
      Ubiquiti has been busy.  There area ton of new items to recently released and I'm going to share two of my favorites.
      The UAP Flex HD and the Unifi Dream machine. The Flex HD is a mouthful of descriptors like most of UI gear is.  It's a 2Ghz 2x2 MIMO, 5GHz 4x4 MU-MIMO, POE, Indoor/Outdoor, multi mount, mesh point that is no bigger than a can of Coke.

      You will still need the Unifi controller although you can configure it with basic functionality with the Unifi App.  I've always found it's best to configure with your controller and then use the app as an add-on.  There are several mounting options that include sitting it on a shelf! That is something that Unifi has not had before unless you count the ceiling AP I have awkwardly mounted placed on top of a few books.  It can be found on the Unifi store for $179.
      The Dream Machine is an altogether different beast that I hope lives up to its naming.  This is the gateway drug, for lack of a better term, to the Unifi world.  The starter kit.  It is an Access Point, Gigabit Switch, Security Gateway, and the Cloud Key all in one package.  The latter being the most significant as this is something that has deterred new users from getting started with Unifi.  Requiring new users to purchase a $100 item just to run the AP's has been somewhat of a roadblock in the past.  Granted, that is improving every year with the ability to run it in the cloud, on a NAS, a Pi, Docker, MacOS, and of course Windows, it is still a barricade to getting up and running when manufacturers such as Eero offer simplicity in an app.

      The switch includes 4 LAN Ports and 1 WAN port.  All of which are Gigabit and security services such as IPS are rated at Gigabit speed. It's $299 in the Unifi store but I'm unsure how nicely it will play with other Unifi gear.  This may be a nice "first AP" with its built in Cloud Key if you can add additional units or other Unifi access points.
      • 3 replies
    • Let's start small with the definition. If you know about podcasts already you can skip ahead.  
      What is a podcast?  There is no set definition but in general a podcast is a voice recording on a subject that you can usually listen to however and whenever you want.  Let's break these down a little bit and that will also help define the term for you.
      • 1 reply
    • Here is something that wasn't planned but came to me while I was at Unveiled.  The Unveiled event was a little lackluster so I had a little fun with the DJI Osmo Pocket.  Take a look.
      • 0 replies
    • It's the most important post covering CES.  The swag bag review.
        • Like
      • 0 replies

  • Create New...