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  • HP ProLiant N40L MicroServer Build and BIOS Modification Revisited


    Joe_Miner

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    Early last year I purchased my first HP ProLiant N40L MicroServer (“MicroServer”) and wrote about some of the things I did to build-out my MicroServer after flashing the modified BIOS from BIOS-MODS. After building-out my second MicroServer that summer and the many things I’ve learned over the last year I felt it was time to re-visit and re-fresh my first Blog.

     

     

     

    Contents:

     

    HP N40L ProLiant MicroServer

     

    Check the Stock BIOS

     

    Flashing the BIOS

     

    Step-By-Step Guide

     

         Step-By-Step Guide – Critical Path Check List

     

    Modifying the BIOS

     

    Conclusion

     

    Reference

     

    = = = = = =

     

     

     

    HP N40L ProLiant MicroServer

     

    The HP N40L ProLiant MicroServer’s I purchased came with 2GB of RAM, a 250GB Seagate HDD, and a 150W power supply. One was part of a combo package that included Windows Home Server 2011.

     

     

     

    Check the Stock BIOS

     

    One thing I found useful: With my first MicroServer I didn’t check out the Stock BIOS in the MicroServer before flashing it and afterwards I wished I had -- before flashing the BIOS of my second MicroServer I pulled the HDD that came with the MicroServer and the first time I powered-up the MicroServer I hit F10 and checked out what was in the Stock BIOS.

     

     

     

    In summary, when I first powered-up and hit F10 the MicroServer was configured with:

    · The stock HDD was removed (no HDD’s were in the MicroServer)

    · The Stock 2GB RAM was in the MicroServer

    · No PCIe cards were installed

    · A monitor, USB keyboard & mouse was attached to the MicroServer

    · Nothing else was attached to the USB ports

    · The NIC was not plugged into the network

     

     

    Figure 1 shows the MAIN screen of the Stock BIOS.

     

     

     

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    Figure 1: MicroServer "ROM-BASED SETUP UTILITY" Main Screen -- Stock BIOS

     

     

     

    Flashing the BIOS

    Caution: This isn’t a project for the inexperienced or faint of heart because you may be voiding any warranty you have as well as easily destroying or bricking your entire system. Proceed with the steps in the following reference links and Figures at your own risk.

     

     

    In the original HP MicroServer N40L Build and BIOS Modification I wrote how I flashed the modified BIOS from BIOS-MODS to my first MicroServer using John Zajdler’s, @DieHarder on twitter, Diehard in the HomeServershow.com forums, guide and suggestions. DieHard is a rock star! I followed his notes and suggestions and had no problem flashing BIOS-MODS modified BIOS that would unlock many of the hidden features on the MicroServer – especially enabling me to set SATA port 5 (the mother board port for the ODD (“Optical Disk Drive”) if installed) and port 4 (the eSATA port on the back of the case) to AHCI and at a higher port speed than it’s default. At that time I downloaded HP’s SoftPaq from cvscorp, prepared a bootable flash drive and copied the file over from BIOS-MODS. Since that time the Forum thread started by DieHard has grown, as of this writing, to over 15 pages and 290 messages and continues to grow.

     

    When issues surfaced on cvscorp’s availability last year DieHard made copies of the necessary files available from his SkyDrive account (Get Flash.Zip & SP54344.exe).

     

    With the Flashing of the BIOS for my second MicroServer I wanted to document my experience and put together a step-by-step guide that was all in one place, starting with the original HP BIOS.

     

     

     

    Step-By-Step Guide

     

    At HP’s webpage, Systems ROMPaq Firmware Upgrade for HP ProLiant MicroServer (For USB Key-Media), download the file SP54344.exe to your laptop or desktop (I used my Windows 7 Professional Desktop Machine) and follow HP’s instructions to create a USB that can flash your BIOS.

     

    HP Installation Instructions (changes made to improve clarity, check the WEB Page above for the original full text):

    USB Key - HPQUSB.exe is a Windows-based utility to locally partition, format and copy necessary files to a USB flash media device (“USB Key”) through the Windows environment. The created USB Key is made bootable and ready to locally restore and/or update the firmware (“BIOS”) on the system.

    1. Obtain a formatted USB Key.

    2. Download the SoftPaq to a directory on a Microsoft Windows system and change to that directory.

    3. From that drive and directory, execute (Figure 2) the downloaded SoftPaq file: Simply double click on the SP54344.exe file and follow the installation wizard to complete the SoftPaq installation process. At the end of a successful installation of the SoftPaq a web page will automatically appear to provide you with a link (Figure 3) to create a USB Key – alternatively, after the successful installation of the SoftPaq you could change to the directory the SoftPaq was installed to (default is C:\SWSetup\SP54344) and either execute start.htm in that directory or HPQUSB.exe in either C:\SWSetup\SP54344\Flat Files or C:\SWSetup\SP54344\USB Key directories.

    If you followed HP’s instructions (above) you would have created a USB Key for re-installing the factory BIOS currently on your N40L. This may be handy to have on a spare USB key, so set it aside and create a second USB Key with the Factory BIOS installed on it.

     

    That first USB Stick that you created and set aside can be used as your System Recovery Key if you’re system should fail to Boot after attempting to Flash the BIOS.

     

     

     

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    Figure 2: Executing SP54344.exe -- just follow the wizard for SoftPaq Installation

     

     

     

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    Figure 3: Web Page that appears at end of SP54344.exe SoftPaq installation -- click Launch HP USB Key Setup Creation Utility – HPQUSB.exe

     

     

     

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    Figure 4: HPQUSB.exe HP USB Key Setup Creation Utility Startup Screen showing the creation of two different USB Keys that worked

     

     

     

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    Figure 5: Two USB Keys (Flash Disk & USB Drive) have been prepared by HPQUSB.exe and are ready to flash the Factory BIOS

     

     

     

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    Figure 6: File Explorer Detail View of USB Drive showing 11 Files with System Files Hidden then File Explorer Detail View of USB Drive showing 15 Files with System Files Un-Hidden -- Prepared by HPQUSB.EXE in Figures 2-5 above on 1/31/2013

     

     

     

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    Figure 7: File Explorer Detail View of Flash Disk showing 8 Files with System Files Hidden then File Explorer Detail View of Flash Disk showing 11 Files with System Files Un-Hidden -- Prepared by HPQUSB.EXE in Figures 2-5 above on 1/31/2013

     

     

    Note: I don’t know why the USB Drive and the Flash Disk file counts are different but they both worked.

     

     

    To flash the Modified BIOS ("BIOS-MOD") you need to first get the BIOS-MOD -- you can follow DieHard’s link to BIOS-MODS thread for the HP Proliant Microserver AMI BIOS-MOD and in Post: #5 of that thread Camiloml attached the file that you can download, o41072911mod.rar, or just click on this direct link to the zipped file o41072911mod.rar -- o41072911mod.rar is what you want. Un-zip it with Winzip or some other SW package and you’ll have the file o41072911mod.rom, thanks to the hard work of the people at BIOS-MODS!

     

     

     

    Rename o41072911mod.rom to o41072911.rom. Replace the file O41072911.ROM on your second USB Key created by HP with o41072911.rom – (IMPORTANT: the ROM file begins with the letter Oh, NOT the number Zero – this simple error has been the genesis of many crash and burns during attempted Flashs. Another big danger is a power interruption to the MicroServer during the Flash – attach your MicroServer it to a Uninterruptible Power Supply (“UPS”) if one is available during the Flash. Another common problem has been an incompatible or just plain bad USB Key. For other failures or issues check HP’s Troubleshooting guides.) The uncompressed o41072911.rom is also in Diehard’s SkyDrive folder Flash.

     

    Now, with your USB Key with the BIOS-MOD ROM file replacing the Stock/factory BIOS ROM (notice the file names were the same and they are the same size) you can flash your BIOS per HP’s instructions: “Insert this USB Key into the USB Key port of the system to be updated and power the system on to boot to the USB Key”. I created my USB Key with the BIOS-MOD on my Windows 7 Pro Desktop Machine. I’ve used 2 different Lexar 8GB sticks, a Team Fusion Plus 8GB stick, 2 no-name complementary 0.5GB sticks from an Alumni group, and 1 no-name 1GB stick I got at a trade show – all worked for me.

     

     

     

    In preparation to Flash with the BIOS-MOD I had the MicroServer in the following configuration:

    · The stock HDD was removed (no HDD’s were in the MicroServer)

    · The Stock 2GB RAM was in the MicroServer

    · No PCIe cards were installed

    · A monitor, USB keyboard & mouse was attached to the MicroServer

    · Nothing else was attached to the USB ports

    · The NIC was not plugged into the network

     

     

    With the MicroServer turned off I inserted the USB Key, the one I had created with the BIOS-MOD added, into the top USB Port on the front of the MicroServer and, after plugging in the power cord, I turned on the MicroServer.

    NOTE: The process will begin instantly: If the USB Key is in a USB port on the MicroServer when you power it on – the whole process is automatic – as soon as the USB Key is seen during POST the MicroServer will begin to flash your BIOS – and will need roughly a minute or more to complete the process and finish to the C:\> prompt.

     

     

    This is how the process went for me (times in seconds) after first checking that all plugs and cables were connected:

     

    _0sec   Press power button to energize the MicroServer

    10         HP ProLiant MicroServer Splash Screen

    13         Splash Screen Blanks out

    15         BIOS Starts initializing Processor, USB Controllers

    20         2GB Memory detected

    25         Auto-detecting USB Mass Storage Devices

    28         Screen Blanks out

    30         Screen Flash then blanks out

    32         Post Prompts displays – dots count across screen to 35 Sec Mark

    37         Copyright Screen displays and indicates config.sys/autoexec.bat are about to execute

    39         DOS Command Shell copyright displays and loading ROM Image notice displays

    42         Screen fills with characters

    46         C:\> is displayed at bottom of screen

     

    (See the Video I recorded of the BIOS-MOD Flash)

     

     

     

    The Flash of my second HP MicroServer with BIOS-MOD was complete at the 46 second mark.

     

    Caution: DO NOT power down the MicroServer before you see the prompt.

     

    After you’ve powered down the MicroServer then power it back up (or simply hit Cntl-Alt-Del to restart the MicroServer) and hit the F10 Key to get into the BIOS and check out the new things that are visible.

     

    The MAIN screen of the Modified BIOS from BIOS-MOD will appear as shown in Figure 8.

     

     

     

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    Figure 8: MicroServer "ROM-BASED SETUP UTILITY" MAIN Screen -- Modified BIOS

     

     

     

    Notice the difference between Figure 8 and the Stock BIOS shown in Figure 1 with the additional BIOS Tabs of PCIPnP and Chipset. BIOS-MOD doesn’t modify the Stock BIOS except to make visible code that was already in the Stock BIOS but had been hidden.

     

     

     

     

     

    Step-By-Step Guide – Critical Path Check List

    Caution: This isn’t a project for the inexperienced or faint of heart because you may be voiding any warranty you have as well as easily destroying or bricking your entire system. Proceed with the steps in the following reference links and Figures at your own risk.

     

     

    ______ 1. Get Systems ROMPaq Firmware file SP54344.exe from HP HERE

     

    ______ 2. Get BIOS-MOD o41072911.rom from BIOS-MOD HERE or BIOS-MOD HERE or BIOS-MOD HERE or Diehard’s SkyDrive folder HERE

     

    ______ 3. Change to directory where you downloaded or copied SP54344.exe in step #1.

     

    ______ 4. Double-Click to Execute SP54344.exe – follow installation wizard to create a bootable USB Key (for best practice for disaster recovery create an extra).

     

    ______ 5. Copy o41072911.rom (that you got in #2) to USB Key (from #4) – you will want to replace the original O41072911.rom from HP

     

    ______ 6. Move the USB Key (from #5) to any available USB port on the MicroServer.

     

    ______ 7. Turn on the MicroServer and wait for the C:\> prompt.

     

    ______ 8. Remove the USB key -- Reboot or power cycle the MicroServer and hit F10 to enter the ROM-BASED SETUP UTILITY – success will look like Figure 8.

     

     

     

     

     

    Modifying the BIOS

     

    Starting from the MAIN screen shown in Figure 8 above and using information I had found at Message #1217 and NAS Build Guide I moved through a number of screens to set Ports 4 & 5 to use AHCI and set all Ports to be external SATA Ports (basically enable hot swap).

     

    From the MAIN Screen I went to => Chipset Menu => Southbridge Configuration => SB SATA Configuration => and set the following:

     

    OnChip SATA Channel [Enabled]

     

    OnChip IDE Type [IDE or Legacy IDE](1)

     

    SATA IDE Combined Mode [Disabled] -- sets Ports 4 & 5 to use AHCI

     

    SATA EPS on all PORT [Enabled](2) -- sets all Ports to be external SATA Ports

     

    SATA Power on all PORT [Enabled]

     

    Notes: (1) OnChip IDE Type can be set to IDE or Legacy IDE – I have one MicroServer (WHS-2011) set to IDE (see Figure 9) and the other (S2012E) set to Legacy IDE (see Figure 10) and haven’t noticed a performance difference between the two, YMMV; (2) setting all Ports to be external SATA Ports will make all of your Ports to be Hot Swappable – this is something you would need later if you want to use the Port Multiplier functionality of the eSATA Port (Port #4) – there are registry hacks that will remove the hot swap functionality from specific Ports but I didn’t bother, again YMMV. A link to the steps outlined by Alex to enable the Port Multiplier on the eSATA port can be found in Useful MicroServer links and References that highlights the necessary posts to read in the thread Successfully enabled Port Multiplier on eSATA. Depending on your planned setup you may not want to Disable SATA IDE Combined ModeLoneWolf found that disabling SATA IDE Combined Mode also disable the ability for the MicroServer to see his HP Smart Array P410 Hardware RAID controller. YMMV.

     

     

     

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    Figure 9: "OnChip SATA Configuration" Configuration OnChip IDE Type [iDE]

     

     

     

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    Figure 10: "OnChip SATA Configuration" Configuration OnChip IDE Type [Legacy IDE]

     

     

     

    Finishing up my modifications in the OnChip SATA Configuration screen I returned to the MAIN screen. From the MAIN Screen I next went to => Advanced => IDE Configuration => and set the following:

     

    Embedded SATA Link Rate [3.0Gbps Max] -- forces the SATA Ports to run at 3.0Gbps Max mode

     

     

     

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    Figure 11: Forcing Embedded SATA Link Rate to 3.0Gbps MAX

     

     

     

    Be sure to SAVE your changes when you EXIT the ROM-BASED SETUP UTILITY!

     

     

     

    Conclusion

     

    After flashing the BIOS-MOD and making a few minor changes in the BIOS I was ready to add additional RAM, OS drive and OS, internet cable connection to the onboard NIC, data drives, PCIe cards and many more things to this great little box. Currently, I have one MicroServer in production with WHS-2011 (Figure 12) for my home files management and providing a bare metal backup of my client computers.

     

     

     

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    Figure 12: HP ProLiant N40L MicroServer and Server Backup Drive connected to Power Meter (reading 64.1W)

     

     

     

    Parts List of MicroServer (my First MicroServer) Current Configuration in Figure 12

    · HP N40L ProLiant MicroServer with 1GB RAM and 250GB HDD – Combo offer with MS WHS-2011 – after flashing the Modified BIOS the Stock 2GB RAM was replaced with the Kingston (below) – the Stock 250GB HDD is not being used in this configuration

    · MicroSoft Windows Home Server 2011 64-b

    · Kingston 8GB KVR1333D3E9SK2/8G

    · WD PCIe USB 3.0 Card

    · Icy Dock DuoSwap MB971SP-B

    · 18” SATA Cable – I used straight ends not angled but any quality cable should work ok

    · eSATA to SATA Cable – Tripp Lite Model P952-18I 18” SATA to eSATA

    · Adaptor: StarTech 6” 4-Pin Molex to SATA 15-pin Power Cable

    · OS Drive: Crucial M4 256GB SSD

    · Data Drives: 5*ST3000DM001 – 4 in Main Drive cage and 1 on top in the DuoSwap

    · Server Backup Drive: WD20EADS in a Rosewill RX35-AT-SU3 USB 3.0 External Enclosure – because of WHS-2011 Server backup limitation to 2TB only critical data is backed up to the external drive.

    · StableBit DrivePool -- Folder duplication turned on for all Server Shares

    · StableBit Scanner

    · Allway Sync Pro – keeps all Server Shares sync’d to another Server

     A place to start reading up on the many capabilities and possibilities of the MicroServer is the page of Useful MicroServer Links & References. Next check out the threads at HP MicroServer for answers to just about all questions about MicroServers, but if you don’t find a thread addressing your specific issue be sure to start a new thread and list your question.

     

     

     

    Reference

    · HP N40L ProLiant MicroServer Tear-Down

    · HP MicroServer N40L Build and Bios Modification <= The Original

    · Installing Windows Home Server 2011 on a SSD in a HP MicroServer

    · A Look at Seagate’ FreeAgent GoFlex 4TB External Disk Drive & Western Digital’s USB 3.0 PCIe Card in a MicroServer

    · The Icy Dock 5.25” Hot Swap Drive Caddy for a 2.5” and a 3.5” SATA Drive – DuoSwap MB971SP-B in a MicroServer

    · Installing Windows Server 2012 Essentials on a HP N40L ProLiant MicroServer

    · Storage Spaces Performance in Windows Server 2012 Essentials on a HP N40L ProLiant MicroServer

    · Modified BIOS for MicroServer N40L Enables Hidden Features – This is DieHard’s Forum Thread that started everything – This thread is worth taking the time to read in its entirety – lots of valuable information including information about capabilities in the BIOS exposed by the BIOS-MOD like S3 and USB 3.0 that are NOT available/supported in the hardware – read the thread.

    · More Interesting MicroServer Links – This Forum Thread has important links to information and Video’s – take the time to check out all the links – lots of valuable information.

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    Thanks Joe. I think it has to do with the drives being SAS and not SATA. I have tried 2 x 4TB sata today and works fine. Appreciate your help and your work. Cheers

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    Guys Does this custom bios enable you to install hyper-V server 2012R2 without problems? I cant install the OS because of a problem with the network card. This is fixed in the latest official bios upgrade but hp made it unavailable if your device is out of warranty. Thanks in advance!

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    No. You will need SP64420.exe 2013.10.01 (A) (15 Nov 2013) but unless you have a Warranty or Maintenance contract getting it from HP is problematic (I hope you left HP a polite comment about their recent policy change). There is a thread on how to install S2012R2 on a N36L, N40L, & N54L without SP64420.exe if you have an open expansion slot http://homeservershow.com/forums/index.php?/topic...

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    Hello Joe, thx for your excellent guide to upgrade a HP Microserver with the bios-mods. I followed your instructions but wondered why I don't have hidden files ? ? In your pictures I see : kernel.sys and other linux files ? ? ? You mentioned you crated the USB key with a Windows System. Where comes the linux files from ? My files are ( hidden files visible - but there is no difference, hidden on/off shows the same ) : Autoexex.bat command.com config.sys ibmbio.com ibmdos.com kyb.exe O41072911.rom readme.1st readme.txt rev_hist.txt THX in advance

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    Hi there, i have the n54l and am planning on having 4x 4tb drives in it, i already have an optical drive in the bay, and would like to have an ssd drive internally but using the esata to boot from. i understand i need to upgrade the firmware to enable full speed on ports 5 and 6 (esata and optical) but i would just like to confirm that the machine needs to be updated to boot from the esata port or is this not needed? taking into account if i dont upgrade i wont get full speed. i plan to upgrade anyway, but am just curious thanks

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    I have purchased the HP N40L and have a couple to questions before I begin. 1. The suggested Western Digital USB 3.0 PCIe Card has been discontinued. Do you have a substitute card that you would recommend? 2. I've decided to use an SSD for my OS and install a fifth hard drive in the ODD slot. Should I use a "dual" StarTech 6" 4 Pin Molex to SATA Power Cable Adapter for power to both of these devices? Would that cause any problems. While I wait for a reply, I'll begin to flash the BIOS per the above instructions. Thanks for all of your assistance and detailed instructions/examples

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    The BIOS-MOD is not necessary to be able to boot from Ports 4 or 5 (the Optical SATA port on the System Board and the eSATA port) but the port sustained transfer rates will be capped at approximately the SATA I rate -- check out the HSS Forums for examples.

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    1. Check out the HSS Forums -- there are several types that people have had success with -- my only experience has been with the WD's I wrote about. 2. I have used several brands of Molex to 2 SATA Power connectors (Y type connectors) with success, Star Tech is one.

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    This will work with both the N36L and N40L, correct? Thank you!

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    • Ubiquiti adds new items to the Unifi Line including UAP Flex HD and the Unifi Dream machine
      Ubiquiti has been busy.  There area ton of new items to recently released and I'm going to share two of my favorites.
       
      The UAP Flex HD and the Unifi Dream machine. The Flex HD is a mouthful of descriptors like most of UI gear is.  It's a 2Ghz 2x2 MIMO, 5GHz 4x4 MU-MIMO, POE, Indoor/Outdoor, multi mount, mesh point that is no bigger than a can of Coke.

       
      You will still need the Unifi controller although you can configure it with basic functionality with the Unifi App.  I've always found it's best to configure with your controller and then use the app as an add-on.  There are several mounting options that include sitting it on a shelf! That is something that Unifi has not had before unless you count the ceiling AP I have awkwardly mounted placed on top of a few books.  It can be found on the Unifi store for $179.
       
      https://store.ui.com/collections/wireless/products/unifi-flexhd
       
      The Dream Machine is an altogether different beast that I hope lives up to its naming.  This is the gateway drug, for lack of a better term, to the Unifi world.  The starter kit.  It is an Access Point, Gigabit Switch, Security Gateway, and the Cloud Key all in one package.  The latter being the most significant as this is something that has deterred new users from getting started with Unifi.  Requiring new users to purchase a $100 item just to run the AP's has been somewhat of a roadblock in the past.  Granted, that is improving every year with the ability to run it in the cloud, on a NAS, a Pi, Docker, MacOS, and of course Windows, it is still a barricade to getting up and running when manufacturers such as Eero offer simplicity in an app.
       

       
      The switch includes 4 LAN Ports and 1 WAN port.  All of which are Gigabit and security services such as IPS are rated at Gigabit speed. It's $299 in the Unifi store but I'm unsure how nicely it will play with other Unifi gear.  This may be a nice "first AP" with its built in Cloud Key if you can add additional units or other Unifi access points.
       
      https://store.ui.com/collections/routing-switching/products/unifi-dream-machine
      • 3 replies
    • Let's start small with the definition. If you know about podcasts already you can skip ahead.  
       
      What is a podcast?  There is no set definition but in general a podcast is a voice recording on a subject that you can usually listen to however and whenever you want.  Let's break these down a little bit and that will also help define the term for you.
      • 1 reply


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